تعيش (8.79 (%من الأسر العراقية في مسكن مستقل بينما تعيش (5.19 (%منها بشكل مشترك بمعنى إن خمس عدد الأسر في العراق لا يسكنون في منازل مستقلة .. وتبدو هذه الظاهرة أكثر وضوحاً في المناطق الحضرية عنها في المناطق الريفية حيث إن (7.73 (%من الأسر الحضرية تسكن في منازل مستقلة مقارنة بـ (5.90 (%في الريف . وما يزال السكن التقليدي هو السائد إذ تسكن (3.92 (%من الأسر في دور في هذا المسح حيث بلغت ً منفصلة في حين تسكن الأسر المتبقية بالشقق أو الصرائف أو الكرفانات وغيرها ، كانت نسبة الاستجابة عالية جدا . (%99.1) يقدر متوسط عدد الغرف للأسرة الواحدة التي يبلغ متوسط عدد أفرادها (7.7 (فرداً بـ(8.3 (غرفة .. مما يعكس التزاحم السكاني في الوحدة السكنية ال كن ة .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The death toll in Iraq after the U.S.-led invasion in March has been the subject of much discussion, with numbers diering by as much as a factor of . A national survey of a sample of population clusters that was conducted in mid- estimated that an additional , persons had died during the months since the U.S.-led invasion, as compared with prewar numbers. This number included , excess deaths due to violence. The Iraq Body Count, a project that is based on a continuous count of screened and validated press reports of casualties, registered , violent deaths among civilians from March through June . In and , the Iraq Family Health Survey (IFHS), a cross-sectional, nationally representative survey of households, was conducted by relevant federal and regional ministries in Iraq in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO). We present the results on rates and causes of death, compare the results with other data sources, and provide new plausible estimates of violence-related mortality for the - year period aer the invasion (March through June ). 

 

 

 

 

 

MOSUL, 6 February, 2018 – As many as 750,000 children in Mosul and surrounding areas are struggling to access basic health services. While violence has subsided, less than 10 percent of health facilities in Ninewah governorate are functioning at full capacity. Those that are operational are stretched to breaking point.

Three years of intense violence have devastated health facilities in Iraq. Over 60 health facilities have repeatedly come under attack since the escalation of violence in 2014,severely disrupting access to basic health services for children and families.
“The state of Iraq’s healthcare system is alarming. For pregnant women, newborn babies, and children, preventable and treatable conditions can quickly escalate into a matter of life and death,” said Peter Hawkins, UNICEF Representative in Iraq, who has just completed a visit to Al Khansa hospital in Mosul, the largest in the city. “Medical facilities are strained beyond capacity and there are critical shortages of life-saving medicines.”

Summary

How unfortunate that comment on the Iraq Family Health Survey (IFHS) Report, released by WHO on Jan 9, has sparked such a heated and distracting debate on estimates of civilian mortality. The shocking figure of 151000 violent deaths between March, 2003, and June, 2006, is of the same order of magnitude as a previous figure and serves to confirm that far too many civilians have been killed during the US-led occupation. The sooner this fact is accepted, the sooner the crucial issue of rebuilding the shattered lives that lie behind such numbers can begin.

The survey, of Iraqis, by Iraqis, and for Iraqis, shows the consequences of years of repression, sanctions, and conflict on the health of over 9000 representative households. Not only does the report provide a moving account of hardship, especially for Iraqi women, but the findings will inform planning for future health-care programmes tailored to the needs of the Iraqi people, rather than the imposed wants of external contractors. 

 

 

 

 

 

Introduction and Background: 

In recent years there have been several anecdotal reports of geographical regions with an unusually high prevalence of congenital birth defects (CBD) in Iraq (1-4). Most of the reports did not meet the norms for an objective study of birth defects, and a review of the published literature could find no clear evidence to support their findings (5). Because of continuing uncertainty the Ministry of Health of Iraq undertook a systematic effort to collect information on the prevalence of congenital birth defects in Iraq.

The Ministry designed a household survey in 18 selected districts in Iraq in order to:

1.Assess the magnitude, trend and type of congenital birth defects. 

2.Assess the association of congenital birth defects with a limited number of risk factors.

3.Assess the impact on carers for those with congenital birth defects

 

Introduction

The gulf crises began when Iraq invaded kuwait on Auges 2 1990, trade sanctions against Iraq were rapidly instituted. During the six-week war beginning on January , , over , allied sorties were carried out. The massive bombing and ground war resulted in Iraq's capitulation, followed by widespread civil revolt in the country. These uprisings, which caused the displacement of an estimated million people, were suppressed in March and April .

Much international attention originally focused on the military and political ramications of the Gulf crisis. This was followed by publicity surrounding the devastating plight of the Kurds and Shiites in the border areas of Iran and Turkey. Little attention, however, has focused on the civilian population of Iraq as a whole. What are the health consequences to civilians of such a series of events? How does high-technology warfare, with the resultant change in military strategy, aect noncombatants? Does precision bombing, with its capacity for highly selective targeting, result in reduced suering among civilians? What are the eects of economic sanctions combined with armed conict?

 
 
OVERVIEW
Iraq is the highest risk country for polio eradication in the Middle East due to unstable security situation leading to disrupted health services and frequent mass movement (IDPs and Refugees). In 2012, World Health Assembly declared the completion of polio eradication a programmatic emergency for global public health.
 
Following outbreak of polio in 2013/14 in Syria, Government of Iraq with support of WHO and UNICEF joined a multi-country outbreak response. Two polio cases werereported in Iraq in early 2014, but no new case is there since 7 April 2014. More than 20 million doses of oral polio vaccine were used in a well-coordinated response.